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Do my capstone proposal example online capstone finance ltd for money chapter 31 huckleberry finn analysis essay the ohio state university administration has proposed to privatize OSU's campus parking operations by leasing them to a private operator for the next 50 years in return for an upfront cash payment of no less than 375 million dollars the claim is that this transaction would make available millions of dollars per year that would be invested in the academic core the plan for the upfront payment is that it would be placed in the OSU endowment portfolio from which some proceeds from a putative nine percent average annual return would be drawn out each year to invest in academics there are of course many trade-offs that must be discussed if privatizing OSU's parking operations would really yield millions of new dollars per year that could be invested in the academic core these other issues range from the philosophical moral and ethical through the entirely pragmatic however there are no such trade-offs at all if privatization of parking would not yield millions of new dollars per year that can be invested in the academic core the claimed availability of significant new funds for academics is therefore a key premise that needs to be checked as a faculty senator as a member of the Senate fiscal committee and a Senate fiscals representative to the ad-hoc parking advisory committee that was constituted to advise the administration on this plan I have analyzed the proposed transaction from the point of view of whether it might be a good financial deal for OSU will it really healed millions of extra dollars per year to invest in the academic core underlying my analysis is a very important idea not mine but rather one I read in an article published last year in the Minnesota law review by Julie Rhoyne of the University of Chicago simply put from a cash-flow standpoint such a privatization transaction is a loan OSU would borrow the upfront payment of 375 million from the private operator lender and make principal and interest payments for the next 50 years equal to the profits from parking operations that would be turned over to the private operator lender the financial question is whether taking the loan would be better than in effect leasing the parking operations to ourselves under the same terms we would give the private operator lender now the problem with mathematical models and spreadsheets is that numbers on the screen or the page are pretty abstract this has made it surprisingly difficult for me to explain how the loan analysis works and why it's appropriate someone suggested that something more concrete might help not just concrete numbers but rather a concrete demonstration of how money would flow so we decided to make this short video for the purpose of demonstrating the relevant cash flows with flowing cash I hope this demonstration makes it clear why in your one for example there simply would not be millions of new dollars to invest in the academic core from privatizing parking let's consider cash flows related to parking right now in fiscal year 2012 and compared to scenarios in the first scenario we see what's happening this year OSU runs parking in the second we imagine what would have happened this year if OSU had signed the privatization deal a year ago my hands belong to OSU and my assistants hands belong to the private operator lender scenario 1 parking revenues total about 28 million dollars as to expenses because current pricing policy tries to keep OSU transportation and parking revenue neutral purely for this illustration we divide these expenses into two parts OSU pays 11 million dollars in parking expenses that will be paid by the private operator lender in scenario 2 and uses the remaining 17 million to pay for other parking elated expenses such as the campus bus service we don't have a clear breakdown of these 17 million dollars in retained expenses that will not be the responsibility of the private operator in scenario to an important point in understanding my analysis is that it doesn't matter what this remaining 17 million dollars is being used for this year it's being used for something and if OSU didn't have 17 million dollars in parking revenues than it would have to come up with 17 million dollars from somewhere else to pay these expenses now scenario to a thought experiment in which the parking privatization agreement has been last year the parking operator has given osu 375 million dollars that's been placed in the osu endowment portfolio parking revenues for the year that are now turned over to the private operator lender total 28 million dollars exactly as in scenario 1 out of this the parking operator pays 11 million dollars in certain expenses that are the responsibility of the private operator exactly n as in scenario 1 what happens to the other 17 million this is gross profit from parking operations we have turned over to the private operator lender in other words this is OSU's loan payment now osu still has to come up with 17 million dollars to pay for whatever this new loan payment was used to pay for in scenario 1 fortunately we have 375 million in the endowment and the osu Board of Trustees allows four and a quarter percent of this to be drawn out in any one year in order to protect the principal against the ravages of inflation and to buffer against the inevitable market volatility one experiences when attempting to get an annual return of nine percent so let's assume we are nine percent about 34 million dollars we can responsibly draw out about four and a quarter percent or 16 million dollars of this now we use this to pay the 17 million dollars in retained expenses and have the rest to invest in the academic core oops not quite we're actually 1 million dollars short of paying our expenses there are no extra millions to invest in the academic core we already need to make up a 1 million dollar deficit compared to scenario 1 here's a quiz if you went to the bank and tried to borrow 375 million dollars as a mortgage loan for 50 years at five percent your total payments for the 50 years would be about 1 billion dollars what will always use loan payments be for 50 years in this deal time's up you guessed it four billion dollars my analysis shows that this annual shortfall we've got far worse over the years the only way there could be millions of new dollars to invest in the academic core would be to draw from the endowment principal at a much higher rate than the Board of Trustees currently considers responsible sure a policy of drawing and spending more now could be adopted and it would yield millions of new dollars to invest in the academic core for the first few years yet even assuming an impressive nine percent return on the endowment portfolio a Hydra rate now would eat into the endowment principal so much that with only ten years no matter the draw rate there would be an annual budget hole like the one we just demonstrated in year one this shortfall would need to be filled with other university funds and the deficit would grow to be absolutely massive in the remaining forty years as endowment returns failed to keep pace with OSU's loan payments in other words unless the private operator lender is willing to loan OSU far more than 375 million dollars perhaps six to nine hundred million or more depending on your taste and financial assumptions this is a bad financial deal to offer 0 as you compared to leasing the parking operations to ourselves and this means there's no point in having a debate over the trade-off issues mentioned earlier because the entire premise underlying the proposed deal is faulty there would not be millions of new dollars to invest in the academic core you do my kapstone paper and packaging longview wa cheap White Plains campus.